Around 1,1 million Jews were deported to Auschwitz. Its facilities became an international museum, with glass windows showing tons of human hair, thousands of shoes, crutches, toys, glasses and photographs – unquestionable evidences of the mass extermination of Jews.
The construction of the Auschwitz complex started in 1940. It was designed to be an efficient death plant, the largest one established by the Nazi regime. It was divided into three sections.
Auschwitz I was the main camp, where the SS doctors performed their inhuman experiences and prisoners were subject to fored labor. Auschwitz II, also known as Auschwitz-Birkenau, concentrated the largest number of prisoners. It was divided into 12 sections, separated by electrical wire invigilated by SS guards and police dogs. Auschwitz III, located close to Monowitz, was founded in 1942 to receive prisoners who would work in the production of rubble and fuel.
Other 39 sub-camps were founded with the goal of providing the Nazi war machine with useful slave labor. Many prisoners were sold to collaboracionist German factories, such as Volkswagen, Siemens, Atlas, Krupp, Mercedez-Benz and Opel.